Electric two-wheelers without batteries: MoRTH
The Ministry of Road Transport & Highways (MoRTH) would require electric two- and three-wheelers to be sold without batteries, and registered on the basis of the type approval certificate provided by the testing authority, in order to enable faster adoption of electric vehicles. As the battery pack accounts for much of the cost of an EV, this will help lower the operating costs and make them more affordable.
In addition, for vehicle registration purposes there would be no need to specify the make/type or any other specifics of the battery. That basically means manufacturers will look at developing a standard for the battery swap.
MoRTH notes that it has brought to its attention the de-linking of the cost of the battery (which accounts for 30-40 % of the total cost) from the overall price.
The Ministry also drew attention to Form 22 (roadworthiness certificate issued by OEM) and Form 22-A (roadworthiness certification issued for vehicles where the body is produced separately), both of which are required for the registration of motor vehicles pursuant to Rule 47.